الگوی بهره‌وری سرمایه‌ی انسانی در نهادهای انقلابی

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی (با رویکردهای آمیخته)

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، مهندسی صنایع، گرایش سیستم‌های کلان، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین (ع)، تهران، ایران.

2 گروه مدیریت دولتی، مدیریت منابع انسانی، دانشکده مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی راهبردی، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین (ع)، تهران، ایران.

3 گروه مدیریت مالی، دانشکده مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی راهبردی، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین (ع)، تهران، ایران.

10.52547/jpap.2021.212969.0

چکیده

هدف: هدف پژوهش تدوین الگوی بهره‌وری سرمایۀ انسانی در نهادهای انقلابی است، که از نظر هدف کاربردی - توسعه‌ای و از نظر روش آمیخته اﮐﺘﺸﺎفی طبقه‌بندی می‌شود.
طراحی/ روش‌شناسی/ رویکرد: جامعۀ آماری در بخش کیفی، خبرگان سازمانی حوزۀ منابع انسانی و در بخش کمی شامل مدیران و کارشناسان منابع انسانی به تعداد 33 نفر است. محدودیت جامعۀ هدف و قابلیت دسترسی سبب استفاده از روش سرشماری شده است. در بخش کیفی از ابزار مصاحبه و در بخش کمی از ابزار پرسش‌نامه برای گردآوری داده ها و برای آزمون فرضیه ها و برازش مدل، روش معادلات مسیری - ساختاری استفاده شد.
یافته‌های پژوهش: براساس مقادیر پایایی مرکب و آلفای کرونباخ برای همۀ سازه‌ها (بیشتر از 0.7) و مقادیر واریانس متوسط (بزرگ‌تر از 0.5)؛ پایایی و روایی ابزار تحقیق در سطح مقبولی است. براساس یافته‌ها، بار عاملی همۀ معرف‌ها در 14 مؤلفۀ مدل، بزرگ‌تر از 0.4 و در سطح خطای 5 درصد معنی‌دار است که بارهای عاملی مدل اندازه‌گیری تحقیق تأیید می‌شود. براساس مقادیر شاخص اشتراک، متوسط مشترک و متوسط افزونگی مدل برای همۀ متغیر‌ها، نشان می‌دهد که ارزیابی کیفی مدل در سطح مطلوبی بوده و مدل تأیید می‌شود.
محدودیت ها و پیامدها: ازجمله محدودیت‌های این پژوهش عدم امکان مصاحبه با کارکنان همۀ نهادهای انقلابی به‌منظور غنای بیشتر نتایج است.
پیامدهای عملی: الگوی تحقیق با احصای همۀ ابعاد ممکن تأثیرگذار بر بهره‌وری و با بهره‌گیری از تکنیک مدل‌سازی مسیری - ساختاری، ضمن شناسایی عوامل به بررسی تأثیرات غیرمستقیم ابعاد و مؤلفه‌های الگوی طراحی‌شده می‌پردازد. این الگو با رویکردی سیستمی، با تمرکز بر عوامل سیستمی به بررسی محیط فراگیر و تأثیرات محیطی می‌پردازد.
ابتکار یا ارزش مقاله: تاکنون مقاله‌ای به این صورت به بهره‌وری سرمایۀ انسانی در نهادهای انقلابی  نپرداخته که از‌این‌رو دارای نوآوری است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Human Capital Productivity Model In Revolutionary Institutions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Zareei 1
  • Mohsen Ahmadi 2
  • Mohammad Solgi 3
1 PhD Student, Industrial Engineering, Macro Systems Orientation , Faculty of Engineering, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran.
2 PhD, Public Management, HumanResources Management, School of Management and Planning, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Department of Financial Management, faculty of Management and Strategic Planning, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, iran.
چکیده [English]

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop a human capital productivity model in revolutionary institutions that is classified in terms of practical-developmental purpose and hybrid or hybrid approach.
Design/ Methodology/ Approach: The statistical population of the study is in the qualitative part of organizational experts in the field of human resources and in the quantitative part it includes managers and experts in the field of human resources (33 persons). Due to the limited statistical population and accessibility, the census method was used. The qualitative part of the interview tool and the quantitative part of the questionnaire tool for data collection and the method of structural-partial least squares equations were used to test the hypotheses and fit the model.
Research Findings: Due to the composite reliability and Cronbach's alpha coefficients for all constructs (greater than 0.7) and mean variance (greater than 0.5), reliability and validity of the research instrument were acceptable. According to the results, the factor loadings of all the reagents in the 14 components of the research model were greater than 0.4 and at the significant level of 5% error, which confirmed the factor loadings of the research measurement model. According to the values of the share index, the common average and the average redundancy of the model for all the variables show that the qualitative evaluation of the model is at the desired level and the model is confirmed.
Limitations & Consequences: Impossibility of interview with the employees of all revolutionary institutions with the purpose of more richness of the results, is the main limitation of this research.
Practical Consequences: The research model, by calculating all possible dimensions affecting productivity and using the path-structural modeling technique, while identifying the factors, examines the indirect effects of the dimensions and components of the designed model. This model has a systemic approach to the productivity of human capital. In this way, in addition to focusing on systemic factors, it examines the pervasive environment (extra-organizational environment) and environmental influences.
Innovation or value of the Article: This study presents the model of human capital productivity in revolutionary institutions and so far no such article has dealt with the productivity of human capital in the institution, which is why it is innovative.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Productivity
  • Human capital
  • revolutionary institutions
  • mixed research
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