شناسایی و رتبه بندی پیشایندهای افشاگری در سازمان: رهیافت فراترکیب

نوع مقاله : علمی (پژوهش با روش‌های آمیخته)

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت کسب و کار، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 گروه مدیریت منابع انسانی و کسب و کار، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: علی‌رغم گسترش راه‌کارها و ابزارهای متفاوت برای کنترل و کاهش فساد اداری در کشور، باز هم افشاگری به عنوان مهمترین عامل کشف فساد محسوب‌ می‌شود. از این­رو، هدف این پژوهش شناسایی و رتبه­بندی پیشایندهای رفتارهای افشاگری در سازمان است.
طراحی / روش­شناسی / رویکرد: این پژوهش از طریق تحلیل فراترکیب انجام شد. در این راستا پس از جستجو در پایگاه‌های علمی، 44 مطالعه مرتبط استخراج و با بررسی آن‌ها عوامل موثر بر افشاگری شناسایی شد. سپس با استفاده از روش آنتروپی­شانون، وزن‌دهی و رتبه‌بندی شاخص‌ها صورت پذیرفت.
یافته­های پژوهش: نتایج نشان­ داد ارزش افشاگری، مسئولیت پذیری، هزینه‌های ناشی از افشاگری و مرکز کنترل فرد مهم‌ترین عوامل موثر بر افشاگری هستند.
محدودیت­ها و پیامدها: پژوهش حاضر به شناسایی پیشایندهای رفتارهای افشاگری در سازمان پرداخته. پژوهش­های آتی می بایست پسایندهای این رفتارها را مورد مطالعه قرار­­ دهند.
پیامدهای عملی: بروز رفتارهای افشاگری در سازمان تحت تاثیر عوامل مختلفی قرار دارد. لذا این عوامل برای مشارکت افراد در افشا تخلفات سازمانی می­بایست شناسایی شده و مورد توجه قرارگیرند.
ابتکار یا ارزش مقاله: دستیابی به مدلی جامع با روش فراترکیب به عنوان الگویی برای سایر پژوهش­ها.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and Ranking the Predictors of Whistle-blowing in Organization: A Meta-Synthesis Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Poursamimi 1
  • Maryam Tehrani 2
  • Yousef Vakili 2
1 MBA graduated, Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Department of Human Resource Management and Business Administration, Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Purpose: Despite of developing different mechanism and tools for controlling and decreasing administrative corruption in our country, Whistle-blowingis still known as the most important factor for discovering the corruption. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is identifying and ranking the predictors of whistle‐blowing behaviors in organizations. 
Design / Methodology / Approach: This paper was done through the Meta Synthesis Analysis. For this purpose, after searching data bases, 44 related researches were selected to extract factors affecting on whistle‐blowing behaviors. Therefore, weighting and ranking indexes was completed by taking Shannon-Entropy method. 
Research Finding: The result showed that whistle‐blowing value, personal responsibility, cost of whistle‐blowing and center of control are the most important factors affecting on whistle‐blowing behaviors.
Limitation and Consequences: The current paper was concentrated on identifying the predictors of whistle‐blowing in organization. Future papers may be done to determine the consequences of whistle‐blowing.
Practical consequences: Appearing whistle‐blowing behaviors in organizations is determined by different factors. Therefore, this factors should be identified in order to increasing employees’ participation in disclosing organizational deviant.  
Innovation or value of the article: Achieving a comprehensive model with Meta Synthesis Approach as a pattern for other research.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Whistle‐blowing
  • Administrative Corruption
  • prosocial behavior
  • Meta-synthesis
  • Shannon-Entropy
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