Identifying and Ranking the Predictors of Whistle-blowing in Organization: A Meta-Synthesis Approach

Document Type : Research Article (with mixed approaches)


1 MBA graduated, Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Human Resource Management and Business Administration, Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.


Purpose:  In spite of developing different mechanism and tools for controlling and decreasing administrative corruption in our country, Whistle-blowing is still known as the most important factor for discovering the corruption. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is identifying and ranking the predictors of whistle‐blowing behaviors in organizations.
Design/ methodology/ approach: This paper was done through the Meta-synthesis Analysis. For this purpose, after searching data bases, 44 related researches were selected to extract factors affecting whistle‐blowing behaviors. Therefore, weighting and ranking indexes was completed by taking Shannon-Entropy method.
Research Findings:  The result showed that whistle‐blowing value, personal responsibility, cost of whistle‐blowing and center of control were the most important factors affecting on whistle‐blowing behaviors.
Limitations & Consequences:  The current paper was concentrated on identifying the predictors of whistle‐blowing in organizations. Future papers may be done to determine the consequences of whistle‐blowing.
Practical Consequences: Appearing whistle‐blowing behaviors in organizations is determined by different factors. Therefore, these factors should be identified in order to increasing employees’ participation in disclosing organizational deviant
Innovation or value of the Article:  Achieving a comprehensive model with Meta-synthesis Approach as a pattern for other researches.


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