تحلیل عوامل رفتاری تأثیرگذار بر سلامت سازمانی در بخش عمومی

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی (با رویکردهای کیفی)

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، ایران

2 استاد، گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران غرب، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف از این پژوهش، شناسایی عوامل رفتاری تأثیرگذار بر سلامت سازمانی و انتخاب مؤثرترین آن‌ها و طراحی مدل مربوط به آن می‌باشد. این مدل در سازمان‌های بخش عمومی مورد بررسی قرار گرفته و میزان تأثیرگذاری این عوامل بر روی سلامت سازمانی گزارش ‌شده است. از دیگر اهداف این مقاله سوق دادن توجه محققین سلامت سازمانی به‌سوی عوامل رفتاری می‌باشد.طراحی / روش‌شناسی/ رویکرد: در این پژوهش به کمک مطالعه پژوهش‌های پیشین و استفاده از روش دلفی اقدام به استخراج مهم‌ترین عوامل رفتاری که دارای روایی بالایی هستند گردید. سپس با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی، این عوامل تلخیص و به دسته‌های به هم مرتبط تقسیم شد. همچنین از طریق طراحی مدل معادلات ساختاری، اقدام به ساخت و آزمون مدل مربوطه گردید.یافته‌های پژوهش: مدل معادلات ساختاری به‌ دست ‌آمده در این پژوهش، میزان تأثیرگذاری عوامل رفتاری را بر روی سلامت سازمانی به تصویر کشیده است. این مدل ، همچنین، این عوامل را به سه دسته عوامل فرهنگی، عوامل معنوی و عوامل سبک رهبری تقسیم‌بندی نموده و تأثیر هر عامل را نیز سنجیده است. محققانی که بخواهند بر روی سلامت سازمان‌ها و در درجه اول بهبود آن کار کنند می‌توانند از این مدل بهره لازم را ببرند.محدودیت‌ها و پیامدها: به دلیل گستردگی عوامل رفتاری، مطالعه کامل آن‌ها در این پژوهش ممکن نبود. لذا بازه زمانی مشخصی از مقالات مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. همچنین پیشنهاد می‌گردد، سایر جنبه‌های عوامل رفتاری موردبررسی قرار بگیرد.پیامد‌های عملی: گسترش فرهنگ مشارکتی در سازمان می‌تواند به بهبود سلامت آن کمک کند.ابتکار یا ارزش مقاله: در این مقاله با بهره جستن از مطالعه متون گسترده و ساخت مدل برازش شده، تأثیر عوامل رفتاری بر سلامت سازمانی، در سازمان‌های بخش عمومی به تصویر کشیده شده است. از آنجایی ‌که این سازمان‌ها تأثیر زیادی بر زندگی آحاد افراد جامعه دارد، توجه به‌سلامت آن‌ها از اهمیت دوچندانی برخوردار می‌باشد. همچنین این مدل، اهمیت توجه به رفتار سازمانی را بیش‌ازپیش روشن می‌سازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Behavioral Factors Affecting Organizational Health in the Public Sector

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bahman Moazen 1
  • Reza Najaf Beigi 2
  • Nasser Mir Sepasi 2
  • Nazanin Pilehvari 3
1 Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management and Economics, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Public Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Islamic Azad University, Imam Shahri Memorial Unit, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: The aim of this study is to identify the behavioral factors affecting organizational health and select the most effective ones and design a model related to it. This model has been studied in public sector organizations and the impact of these factors on organizational health has been reported. Another goal of this paper is to draw the attention of organizational health researchers to behavioral factors.Design / Methodology / Approach: In this study, with the help of previous research studies and the use of Delphi method, the most important behavioral factors that have a high validity were extracted. These factors were then summarized and divided into related categories using exploratory factor analysis. Also, by designing the structural equation model, the relevant model was constructed and tested.Findings: The structural equation model obtained in this study illustrates the impact of behavioral factors on organizational health. This model also divides these factors into three categories: cultural factors, spiritual factors, and leadership style factors, and measures the impact of each factor. Researchers who want to work on the health of organizations and, above all, improve it, can take advantage of this model.Limitations and Consequences: Due to the wide range of behavioral factors, it was not possible to study them fully in this study. Therefore, a specific time period of the articles was studied. It is also suggested that other aspects of behavioral factors be considered.Practical Consequences: The development of participatory culture in the organization can help improve its health.Initiative or Value of the Article: In this paper, the effect of behavioral factors on organizational health is illustrated in public sector organizations by studying extensive texts and constructing a tailored model. Since these organizations have a great impact on the lives of individuals in society, it is doubly important to pay attention to their health. This model also highlights the importance of paying attention to organizational behavior.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Organizational Health
  • Behavioral Factors
  • public sector organizations
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