تأثیر پویایی محیطی و دانش کارآفرینانه بر تشخیص فرصت‌های آن با نقش میانجی خودکارآمدی کارآفرینانه

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی ( با رویکردهای کمی)

نویسنده

گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر دانش کارآفرینانه و پویایی محیطی بر تشخیص فرصت‌های کارآفرینانه با نقش میانجی خودکارآمدی کارآفرینانه در مرکز مشاوره و اطلاع­رسانی کارآفرینی شهر کرمان طی 15 ماه بین سال‌های 1393-1395، انجام شده است.طراحی/ روش‌شناسی/ رویکرد: این پژوهش از نظر هدف جزو پژوهش­های کاربردی، از نظر نوع، کمّی و از نظر روش، توصیفی-همبستگی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل کلیه مراجعه‌کنندگان (دارای کسب‌وکار) به مرکز مشاوره و اطلاع­رسانی کارآفرینی شهر کرمان به تعداد 420 نفر است که تعداد 210 نفر با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده به‌ عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند. ابزار اصلی جمع‌آوری داده­ها پرسشنامه بود. برای آزمون فرضیه‌های پژوهش از مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری استفاده شد.یافته‌های پژوهش: یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که دانش کارآفرینانه بر تشخیص فرصت کارآفرینانه با ضریب مسیر 0.29 و مقدار معناداری 3.60، تأثیر دارد؛ دانش کارآفرینانه بر خودکارآمدی کارآفرینانه با ضریب مسیر 0.55 و مقدار معناداری 7.77، تأثیر دارد؛ خودکارآمدی کارآفرینانه بر تشخیص فرصت کارآفرینانه با ضریب مسیر 0.38 و مقدار معناداری 4.44، تأثیر دارد؛ پویایی محیطی بر تشخیص فرصت­های کارآفرینانه با ضریب مسیر 0.27 و مقدار معناداری 4.07، تأثیر دارد؛ پویایی محیطی بر افزایش دانش کارآفرینانه ضریب مسیر 0.30 و مقدار معناداری 4.94، تأثیر دارد.محدودیت‌ها و پیامدها: به دلیل تعدد متغیرهای پژوهش و پیچیدگی‌های خاص پژوهش، برای پژوهش‌های آینده باید سایر مؤلفه‌های مرتبط با متغیرها به­طور دقیق بررسی شوند تا دیگر روابط میان متغیرها هر چه شفاف­تر و جامع­تر شناخته شود. در نهایت با آموزش دانش مناسب، خودکارآمدی کارکنان را افزایش داد.پیامدهای عملی: با داشتن دانش و توانایی کارآفرینانه، فرد می‌تواند فرصت‌های محیطی را تشخیص داده و خودکارآمدی را در خود افزایش دهد.ابتکار یا ارزش مقاله: در این پژوهش تأثیر پویایی محیطی و دانش کارآفرینانه بر تشخیص فرصت­های محیطی بررسی می­شود؛ همچنین چهار متغیر (خودکارآمدی) به عنوان متغیر میانجی مورد بررسی قرار می‌گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Environmental Dynamics and Entrepreneurial Knowledge on Recognition of Opportunities with the Mediating Role of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy

نویسنده [English]

  • Seyedeh Masoumeh Ghamkhari
Department of Business Management, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to Investigating the Impact of Entrepreneurial Knowledge and Environmental Dynamics on Identifying Entrepreneurial Opportunities with the Mediating Role of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy in the Entrepreneurship Counseling and Information Center in Kerman during 15 months (2016-2017).Design / methodology / approach: This research is a quantitative and descriptive-correlational research component in terms of purpose, applied research. The statistical population of the study consisted of 420 all clients (with business) to the Entrepreneurship Counseling and Information Center in Kerman. 210 persons were used as the statistical sample and Simple random sampling method. Questionnaire was the main tool for data collection.Findings: The findings showed Entrepreneurial knowledge affects the detection of entrepreneurial opportunity with a path coefficient of 0.29 and a significant value of 3.60. Entrepreneurial knowledge has an effect on entrepreneurial self-efficacy with a path coefficient of 0.55 and a significant value of 7.77. The path coefficient is 0.38 and the significance value is 4.44. Environmental dynamics has an effect on identifying entrepreneurial opportunities with a path coefficient of 0.27 and a significant value is 4.07. Environmental dynamics has an effect on increasing entrepreneurial knowledge. And has a significant value of 4.49.Limitations and Consequences: Due to the multitude of research variables and the specific complexities of research, future research on other variables needs to be scrutinized to make the other variables' relationships more transparent and comprehensive. Ultimately, by teaching the right knowledge, it increased the self-efficacy of employees.Practical implications: By knowledge and entrepreneurial ability, one can recognize environmental opportunities and increase self-efficacy.Originality or value of the article: This article examines the impact of environmental dynamics and entrepreneurial knowledge on recognizing environmental opportunities; also, four variables (self-efficacy) are considered as mediating variables.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • : Entrepreneurial knowledge
  • environmental dynamics
  • identifying entrepreneurial opportunities
  • entrepreneurial self-efficacy
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