مدل سنجش میزان تمایل خط‏ مشی‏ گذاران به دولت باز در ایران

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی (با رویکردهای آمیخته)

نویسندگان

1 دانش‏ آموخته دکتری، مدیریت دولتی- سیاستگذاری عمومی، موسسه عالی آموزش و پژوهش مدیریت و برنامه ‏ریزی

2 گروه مدیریت دولتی، مؤسسه عالی آموزش و پژوهش مدیریت و برنامه‏ریزی، ایران، تهران

3 گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، ایران، تهران

4 گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، ایران، تهران

چکیده

هدف: دولت باز به ­عنوان یک خط‌‏مشی در جهت تقویت شفافیت، مشارکت و همکاری، در سرتاسر جهان در حال گسترش است. ازآنجاکه برای حرکت به ­سوی خط‌‏مشی‌‏گذاری و تدوین خط‏‌مشی‏‌های دولت باز، میزان تمایل خط‏‌مشی‏‌گذاران به دولت باز تعیین‏‌کننده است، هدف از این پژوهش ارائه مدلی برای سنجش میزان تمایل خط‌مشی‏‌گذاران به دولت باز و بررسی تفاوت سطح تمایل به دولت باز در گروه‏‌های مختلف خط‌‏مشی‌‏گذاران است.
طراحی/ روش‌شناسی/ رویکرد: در این پژوهش از طرح پژوهش آمیخته اکتشافی استفاده شده است که در مرحله کیفی، روش فراترکیب و در مرحله کمّی، انجام پیمایش و تحلیل داده‏‌های پرسشنامه 116 نفر از خط‏‌مشی‌‏گذاران به‌­کار گرفته شده است.
یافته‌های پژوهش: «تمایل به دولت باز» سازه‌‏ای چندبُعدی است و عبارت­‌است از: میل و رغبت خط‏‌مشی‌‏گذار نسبت به شفافیت، مشارکت شهروندان، همکاری، پاسخگویی دولت و پشتیبانی از نوآوری و کمک به توسعه کسب­وکار. به­‌علاوه نتایج حاکی از آن است که سطح تمایل خط‏‌مشی‌‏گذاران به دولت باز در ایران بالا است و میزان تمایل به دولت باز در میان گروه‏‌های سنی مختلف، گروه‏‌های دارای جایگاه فعلی مختلف و گروه‏‌های مختلف از نظر نحوه آشنایی با دولت باز متفاوت است.
محدودیت‌ها و پیامدها: عدم‌­امکان تعمیم‌‏پذیری نتایج پژوهش به همه جوامع و محدودیت ذاتی پرسشنامه از جمله محدودیت‌‏های پژوهش فعلی است.
پیامدهای عملی: نیاز به برخورداری از یک نظام حاکمیتی کارآمد، شفاف، پاسخگو و مبتنی بر مشارکت مردم انکارناپذیر است. با توجه به چالش‏‌های موجود در موضوع­‌های نام‏برده در کشور، این پژوهش به طراحی مدل مطلوب دولت باز برای ایران و تحقق ارزش‌‏های یادشده کمک خواهد کرد.
ابتکار یا ارزش مقاله: دولت باز و داده باز، مفاهیم نو و جدیدی هستند و پژوهش‏‌های انجام‌­شده در این زمینه در کشور بسیار اندک است؛ از­این­‌رو این پژوهش می‏‌تواند آغازگر باب جدیدی در تولید علم در کشور در این حوزه باشد و این شکاف مطالعاتی را از طریق ارائه مدل یادشده به‌­عنوان نخستین مدل در این زمینه پر می‏‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A model for measuring the willingness of policy makers to open government in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Noushin Momen Kashani 1
  • Farajollah Rahnavard 2
  • Mahdi Mortazavi 3
  • Mahmoud Shirazi 4
1 Graduate PhD in Public Administration (Public Policy), Institute for Advanced Education and Research on Management and Planning
2 Public administration, Institute for Advanced Education and Research on Management and Planning (IMPS), Iran, Tehran
3 Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modarres University, Iran, Tehran
4 Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University, Iran, Tehran
چکیده [English]

Purpose: Open government is expanding around the world as a policy to enhance transparency, participation and collaboration. Since the level of policy makers' willingness to open government is crucial for moving towards policy making of open government and development of those policies, the purpose of this paper is to provide a model for measuring policy makers’ willingness of open government and examine the differences in the level of willingness in policy-makers' groups.
Design/Methodology/Approach:In this research, an exploratory mixed method has been used which in qualitative stage, synthesis method and in the quantitative stage, the survey and analysis of the data of the 116 policy makers’ questionnaires has been applied.
Research Findings: "open government willingness" is a multidimensional construct, including the willingness of the policymaker towards transparency, citizen participation, collaboration, government accountability, and support for innovation and help business development. In addition, the results indicate that the level of policy makers' willingness to open government in Iran is high and the rate of willingness to open government among different age groups, status and levels of awareness of open government is different.
Limitations& Consequences: The impossibility of generalizing the research results to all communities and the inherent limitations of the questionnaire are among the limitations of the current study.
Practical Consequences: The need for an efficient, transparent, accountable, and participatory governance system cannot be denied. Given the challenges in the aforementioned issues in our country, this research will help to design a favorable model of open government for Iran and realize that values.
Innovation or Value of the Article: Open government and open data are new concepts, and research in these fields are scarce in Iran. Therefore, this research could initiate a new chapter in the production of science in the country in this field and fills the research gap by providing the aforementioned model as the first model in this field.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Public Policy
  • open government
  • Transparency
  • accountability & citizen participation
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