تناقض رشد و شکست؛ نوع شناسی شکست SME ها در مرحله رشد سازمانی

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی (با رویکردهای کیفی)

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری

2 دانشیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 استاد تمام دانشگاه شهید یهشتی

چکیده

هدف: کسب‌وکارهای کوچک­ومتوسط رونق هر اقتصاد و جریان خون اقتصادهای مدرن هستند. این نوع از کسب‌وکارها به سبب ماهیت و ویژگی‌های خاص خود و به دلیل اینکه سهم مهمی در تأمین نرخ بیکاری کشورها و افزایش رشد و توسعه اقتصادی جوامع دارند، برای دولت‌ها دارای اهمیت بسیار بالایی هستند. اما علی‌رغم اینکه شکست در تمامی کسب‌وکارها در اندازه‌های مختلف رخ می‌دهد، کسب‌وکارهای کوچک­ومتوسط در معرض تهدیدهای بزرگ‌تری هستند. هدف مقاله حاضر، نوع شناسی شکست کسب‌وکارهای کوچک­ومتوسط در مرحله رشد سازمان، از طریق بررسی تجربیات زیسته موردهای مطالعاتی است.
طراحی/روش‌شناسی/رویکرد: در این پژوهش از تحلیل پدیدارشناسانه در مورد پژوهی چندگانه استفاده‌شده است.
یافته‌های پژوهش: نتایج این نوع شناسی، نقش شکست سازمانی را نسبت به دو نوع دیگر شکست فردی و محیطی بارزتر می‌نماید و نشان می‌دهد که نوع غالب شکست، در کسب­وکارهای کوچک­ومتوسط واقع در مرحله رشد، از نوع شکست سازمانی است.
محدودیت‌ها و پیامدها: این الگو می‌تواند هم هشدار و هم راهنمایی برای کسب‌وکارهای کوچک­ومتوسط بوده و راه را برای پیشگیری از بحران و ارتقای قابلیت‌های درون‌سازمانی جهت پیشگیری از شکست سازمان در مرحله رشد هموار نماید.
پیامدهای عملی: نوع شناسی شکست در مرحله رشد سازمان می‌تواند مسیر سیاست‌گذاری‌های نهادهای حمایتی چون شهرک‌های صنعتی و پارک‌های علم و فناوری را جهت حمایت و هدایت صحیح این نوع کسب‌وکارها تحت تأثیر قرار دهد.
ابتکار یا ارزش مقاله: مقاله به پژوهش‌های مدیریتی با ارزیابی هم‌زمان انواع شکست و مرحله چرخه عمر سازمان می‌افزاید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Paradox of Growth and Failure: The Typology of SMEs Failure at the Organizational Growth Stage

نویسندگان [English]

  • masoumeh mohammadipour pamsari 1
  • bahman haji pour 2
  • akbar Alam tabriz 3
1 phd candidate
2 sub beheshti
3 sub beheshti
چکیده [English]

Objective: SMEs are the bloodstream of modern economies. These types of businesses are very important for governments because of their special nature and characteristics, and because they play an important role in providing the unemployment rate of countries and increasing the economic growth and development of societies. But despite the fact that failures occur in all businesses in different sizes, SMEs are exposed to greater threats. The purpose of this article is to typify the failure of small and medium-sized businesses in the growth phase of the organization, by examining the lived experiences of case studies.
Design / Methodology / Approach: In this research, phenomenological analysis of multiple case studies has been used.
Findings: The results of this typology show the role of organizational failure more than the other two types of individual and environmental failures and show that the predominant type of failure in SMEs located in the growth stage is organizational failure.
Limitations and Consequences: This model can be both a warning and a guide for SMEs and pave the way for crisis prevention and upgrading internal organizational capabilities to prevent organizational failure in the growth phase.
Practical Implications: The typology of failure in the growth phase of the organization can affect the policy direction of support institutions such as industrial estates and science and technology parks to support and properly guide these types of businesses.
Initiative or value of the article: The article adds to managerial research by simultaneously evaluating the types of failures and the life cycle of the organization.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Organization failure
  • Organizational life cycle growth stage
  • Individual/ Organizational/ Environmental level
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