A Meta-analysis of Factors Affecting Job Alienation

Document Type : Research Article (with quantitative approaches)


1 Department of Sociology, Yazd University, Iran, Yazd

2 Ph.D. student of Economic Sociology and Development of Yazd University

3 Ph.D. student of socio -Economic sociology of Yazd University


Purpose: Today, the feeling of alienation from work is a fundamental obstacle for the dynamics of individuals, organizations and the whole society. A lot of research has been done on this topic. The purpose of this research is to meta-analyze the factors affecting occupational alienation.
Design/ methodology/ approach:  This research was done with meta-analysis method and it meta-analyzed researches that were done with survey method and using questionnaire tool and with different criteria. The statistical population of this research includes researches in the field of occupational alienation from 1380 to 1397 in Iran. Among them, 20 studies were selected and the relationship of 6 variables with job alienation was investigated.
Research Findings: The results showed that the effect size of the two variables of organizational culture and job satisfaction was at a relatively high level with -0.53 and -0.50 respectively. Also, the effect size of variables of organizational commitment and job characteristics is evaluated as moderate with -0.36 and -0.33 respectively. However, the effect size of variables of organizational justice and quality of work life are at a weak level with -0.24 and -0.21, respectively.
Limitations & Consequences: Among the studies that were reviewed in the first stage, only one qualitative study dealt with the category of job alienation. This affects the depth of the results of this research. Also, there was no consensus among researchers regarding the measurement of job alienation. This made it difficult for the researcher to gather the results.
Practical Consequences: Most of the studies were conducted among administrative employees, which, due to the disturbance of other variables, questions the generalization of the summarized results to other employees.
Innovation or value of the Article: The article adds to the understanding of the different effect of different organizational variables on job alienation.
Paper Type: Research Article


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