The role of organizational social capital in organizational cohesion with the mediation of co-creation among faculty members of University

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Birjand, South Khorasan, Birjand, Iran

2 Master of Educational Management. Birjand University, South Khorasan, Birjand, Iran


Purpose: The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the relationship between organizational social capital and organizational cohesion with the mediation of co-creation among academic faculty members of Birjand University.

Design/ methodology/ approach: Descriptive-correlational research method and the statistical population of the research included all the faculty members of Birjand University in the academic year of 2021-2022, numbering 341 people. To collect data, Tahirpour's co-creation questionnaire (2021), Fandio et al.'s organizational social capital questionnaire (2015) and Captain's organizational cohesion questionnaire (2005) were used. The construct validity of the questionnaires was examined and confirmed through confirmatory factor analysis. The reliability coefficient of the questionnaires was estimated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient as 0.97, 0.93 and 0.93 respectively. Data analysis was done at the descriptive and inferential levels.

Research Findings: The findings showed that social capital had a predictive role for co-creation with a standard coefficient (0.74). On the other hand, social capital (0.57) predicted organizational cohesion. Also, co-creation predicted organizational cohesion (0.74). The research findings confirmed the existence of a positive and significant relationship between organizational social capital and organizational cohesion after the presence of co-creation as a mediating variable. Also, the results of structural equation analysis showed that the research model has the required fit.

Limitations & Consequences: The effects of sampling and measurement error, the expensiveness of data collection, the lack of cooperation of faculty members, convincing people about the confidentiality of information and expressing their opinions towards the organization, the extent of the higher education system, and the lack of information resources needed to conduct research. It can be considered as one of the limitations of the present research.

Practical Consequences: With the development of organizational social capital, it is possible to provide the ground for the realization of social cohesion.


Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 30 November 2023