The Transition from Modern Government to Platform Government: A signification_research Study Based on the Concepts of Sharing Economy

Document Type : Research Article


1 Continuing Master's student, Department of Development Economics, Faculty of Islamic Studies and Economics, Imam Sadegh University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Public Administration, Imam Sadiq University (AS), Tehran, Iran

3 Part-time Master's student, Department of Development Economics, Imam Sadegh University (AS), Tehran, Iran



Purpose:  In today's world, where the distance between the supplier of goods and services and the applicant is becoming more and more complicated; Platforms help make this flow better. The complex issues in government governance and community administration are key roles that government can play among the demanders and providers of government and public services. Also, the government can greatly contribute to the ease, lack of crowding, security and thickness of the market between suppliers and applicants of government services and goods. The leading research seeks to propose a conceptual framework of the idea of a platform government that can answer many of the identified challenges and shortcomings of the modern government. Also, in this research, it has been tried to express a comprehensive definition of this concept that includes all its features by studying and criticizing the many definitions of the idea of platform government.
Design/ methodology/ approach: In order to achieve the goals of the current research and analyze the findings of the research, the implication research method has been used. In this method, the contributions of the sharing economy theory as a source of implication, preliminary guidelines to prove the efficiency of this idea (platform government) have been calculated. Also, in order to collect information and contributions from the concept of sharing economy, the method of library and document study has been used. The study sample population of the current research includes all reports, documents, scientific articles and books authored in Persian and Latin, in the field of sharing economy and platform government since 2015.
Research Findings: The results of the research show that the platform government can be a suitable alternative to the modern government in the whole system of issues that the modern government is facing now. Also, the platform government approach for governments like the Islamic Republic of Iran, which is people-based, can be a suitable format for the growth and evolution of this feature.
Practical Consequences: Among the main practical consequences of the ideas of this research, we can mention the expansion of the ability of good governance in the country and the maximum benefit of all members of the society from government services and benefits in an easy and equal way.
Innovation or value of the Article: The most important initiative of this research is to identify the concept of sharing economy for the success of platform government; It can also be said that providing new coordinates for the concept of platform government according to the Studies conducted in this field is one of the most important values of the leading article.
Paper Type: Research Paper


  1. Accenture (2016). Government as a Platform: Coming soon to a government near you. Acenture. Available in:
  2. Afzali, Rasool (1386). The book "Modern Government in Iran", Mofid Qom University Publications.
  3. Akbari Hamed, July 2019. Conceptual evolution of government in the digital age: the need for a platform view of government. Published on the site: (in Persian)
  4. Amini, Seyedjavad, Zare, Ali, (2017). "Research implications of the policy evaluation model based on the teachings of Nahj al-Balagheh". Biannual Journal of Islamic & Management Vol.7, No.14 Autumn & Winter 2018-2019 (in Persian).
  5. Armstrong, M. (2006). Competition in two-sided markets. The Rand Journal of Economics.)37( 3، Pages 668-691
  6. Barns, S. (2018). Smart cities and urban data platforms: Designing interfaces for smart
    . City, Culture and Society, 12(2018), pp 5–12.
  7. Bisogno, R. (2017). Problem-Solving in Homeland Security and Creating Policy Conditions for Enhanced Civic Engagement: An Examination of Crowdsourcing Models. Homeland
    Security Affairs
    . Naval Postgraduate School, Center for Homeland Defense and Security,
    Monterey, California, USA.
  8. Borghei, Seyed Amirreza (2019): Journal of Growth Reflections: Spring and Summer - 2019 No. 3 from pages 113 to 110. Available at: (in Persian)  
  9. Botsman, R., & Rogers, R. (2012). What’s mine is yours: How collaborative consumption is changing the way we live. London: Collin
  10. Bracken, M. (2015). Government as a Platform: the next phase of digital transformation Retrieved February 20, 2017, from
  11. Bradley, D., Russell, D., Ferguson, I., Isaacs, J., MacLeod, A., & White, R. (2015). The Internet of Things–The future or the end of mechatronics. Mechatronics27, 57-74
  12. Brazel, yorman(2002), A Theory of the State, U. K: Cambridye University Press.
  13. Ceccagnoli, M., Forman, C., Huang, P., & Wu, D. J. (2012). Cocreation of value in a platform ecosystem: The case of enterprise software. MIS Quarterly, 36(1), 263–290
  14. Choudary, S. P. (2017). How to implement Tim O’Reilly’s vision for Government- Platform IBM Government Industry Blog. Retrieved from insights-on-business/government/implement-tim-oreillys-vision-government-platform/? mhq=government as a platform & mhsrc = ibmsearch_a
  15. Cole,G.D.H(1997). Self-government and industry. London: G.Bell
  16. Copeland, E. (2016). Government as a Platform - technology, data or business model?
    Retrieved from
  17. Danaeifard Hassan, (2016), Methodology of signification studies in the social sciences and humanities: foundations, definitions, importance, approaches and implementation stages, methodology of humanities,; (22) 86, 39-71(in Persian)
  18. Denning, S. (2014). An economy of access is opening for business: Five strategic Leadership, 42, 14–21  for success
  19. Di Maio, A. (2010). From e-government to a-govermment. Retrieved February 24, 2017, from
  20. Dupont, J. (2018). The Smart State, Redesigning government in the era of intelligent services Policy Exchange. London, England: Policy Exchange. Retrieved from
  21. Ed Burns, (2020). What is machine learning? . Published on the website:
  22. Fahy Emma, 26 June, 2017, Mastercard. “The Sharing Economy: Understanding the Opportunities for Growth”
  23. Firnkorn, J., & Müller, M. (2011). What will be the environmental effects of new free-floating car-sharing systems? The case of Car2go in Ulm. Ecological Economics, 70(8), 1519–1528.
  24. Gawer, A., & Cusumano, M. A. (2008). How companies become platform leaders. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(2), 28–35
  25. GORDON SCOTT, March 2021. Artificial Intelligence (AI). Retrieved from website:
  26. Gurji Azandriani, Ali Akbar; Shafiei Sardasht, Jafar, in search of a modern government in Izan: the fate of the Iranian Leviathan, Legal Research Assembly, number 23, first half of 2012, pp. 41-86
  27. Haywood, Andrew, (2013). Politics, translated by Abdolrahman Alam, Tehran: Ney Publishing. (in Persian)
  28. Held, David, (2007). The formation of the modern state. Tehran: Ad Publishing. (in Persian)
  29. Hosseininia, Gholamhossein, Bakhtiari, Marzieh, and Sajdi, Sayeda Elaha. (2020). A conceptual analysis of the sharing economy in order to design a framework for entrepreneurial financing. Skills training, 9(35), 7-28. (in Persian)
  30. Janssen, M., & Estevez, E. (2013). Lean government and platform-based governance-Doing more with less. Government Information Quarterly, 30(2013), 1–8
  31. John, N. A. (2013). The social logics of sharing. The Communication Review, 16, 113–131.
  32. Khalaj, Mohsen, Shafiei Roudpashti, Maitham, Azar, Adel, and Shahbazi, Maitham. (2019). Identifying dimensions and components of sharing economy in production systems (case of study: parts manufacturing companies of Qom province). Production and Operations Management, 11(2 (21)), 45-67. (in Persian)
  33. Kim, Soonhee,  Andersen, Kim Normann, Lee, Jungwoo (2021), “Platform Government in the Era of Smart Technology”, Public Administration Review(PAR), Volume82, Issue2, March/April 2022, Pages 362-368.
  34. Laski H.J(1999). Authority in the modern state. New Haven Conn: Yale university press
  35. LeMasson, B. (2017). Government as a platform sounds great. But what does it look like in practice? Retrieved July 5, 2017, from
  36. Katsonis (2015), “Digital Government: A Primer and Professional Perspectives,” Aust. J Public Adm., vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 42–52, 2015
  37. Michael Olson and Samuel J. Kemp,(2015) Sharing Economy: An In-Depth Look At Its Evolution and Trajectory Across Industries Piper Jeffray March
  38. Millard, J. (2017). European Strategies for e-Governance to 2020 and Beyond. In Government 3.0 - Next Generation Government Technology Infrastructure and Services (Vol. 32, pp.1–26). Springer International Publishing AG 2017
  39. Moghimi, Seyyed Mohammad; Pourezzat, Ali Asghar; Latifi, Meisam; Ebrahimi, Omid(2021). Explaining the status of participation of experts and NGO’s in Iran’s public sector performance management, Journal of Public Administration, 13(1), 3-28. (in Persian)
  40. Mohammadi, Mehdi; Elyasy, Mehdi; Kakavand Kurdi, Mehdi; Zamani, Arash; (2019). Shared Economy: People-centered economy and beyond property. Vice President for Science and Technology, Tehran: Danesh Bonyan Fanavar Publications. (in Persian)
  41. Mohammadi P., Danaeefard, H., Zolfagharzade, M.M. (2018). The Study of Critical Realism Implications in Evaluation of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Making. Journal of Public Administration, 10(3), 357-386. (in Persian)
  42. O’Reilly, T. (2010). Government as a platform. In D. Lathrop & L. Ruma (Eds.) , Open Government, Collaboration, Transparency and Participation in practice (pp. 13–40). O’Reilly Media.
  43. Pierson, Christopher (1996) The Modern State, London and New York: Routledge
  44. Pope, R. (2019). Government as a Platform Playbook: A practitioner’s guide to digital platforms in government. Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation Retrieved from
  45. Romain Dillet, (2015)La Ruche Qui Dit Oui Scores 9$,  Million from USV and Felix Capital For Its Local Food Marketplace, TeechCrunch,June16,
  46. Siau, K., & Long, Y. (2005). Synthesizing e-government stage models – a meta-synthesis based on meta-ethnography approach. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 106(4), 443–
  47. SalehNejad, Hassan; (2016). Introduction to Modern Government Indicators Report 2016, Office of Fundamental Government Studies (Government Fundamental Group). (in Persian)
  48. Smedlund, Lindblom et al. (2018) Collaborative value co-creation, Customer Value in the Sharing Economy Platform: The Airbnb Case :226
  49. Smolka, C., & Hienerth, C. (2014). The best of both worlds: Conceptualizing trade-offs between openness and closedness for sharing economy models. In 12th International Open and User Innovation Conference (2014),p 70.
  50. Styrin, Evgeny, Mossberger, Karen, , Zhulin, Andrey, (2020). “Government as a platform: Intergovernmental participation for public services in the Russian Federation Government Information Quarterly, Volume 39, Issue 1, January 2022, 101627.
  51. Tiwana (2014) Platform Ecosystem,Aligning Architecture,Governance, and Strategy Core Concepts and Principles : p39 p38
  52. Benthem, A., Gillingham, K., & Sweeney, J. (2008). Learning-by-doing and the optimal solar policy in California. The Energy Journal, 29(3).
  53. Weber, Max (1958), Politics as a Vocation, in From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology, tran. And ed. H.Gerth and C. Wright Mills, New York: Oxford University Press.
  54. Yakhchali, Mahdi, Tahmasebi, Reza, Latifi, Meisam, & Faraji Mollaie, Amin (2020). Investigating Government as a Platform Characteristics: A Systematic Literature Review and MetaSynthesis. Journal of Public Administration, 12(2), 204-237. (in Persian)
  55. Zoe Radnor, Stephen Osborne and Russ Glennon,(2016), Public management theory ,in Handbook on Theories of Governance, page(46-60).