Politics-Administration Dichotomy: Identify and Classify the indicators of differentiation between Political and Administrative Jobs in Iran Public Administration System

Document Type : Research Article (with mixed approaches)


Professor, Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


Purpose: Design and validation of a scale to measure and position administrative seats in the political-professional spectrum.
Design/Methodology/Approach: The present study has been done with the deductive-inductive approach in two stages. In the qualitative stage, by referring to the theoretical foundations and conducting structured interviews with experts, scale items have been identified. In the quantitative stage, using face and content validity and Cronbach’s alpha and test-retest methods, the designed scale was validated.
Research Findings: After reviewing the literature and conducting interviews and making corrections suggested by the experts, the initial questionnaire was prepared with 72 items. In the face validity review, five items were removed. After calculating the CVI, four items were removed, and after calculating the CVR, another six items were removed, and thus, the final questionnaire was adjusted with 61 items in 10 dimensions.
Limitations & Consequences: Lack of local field research on the subject of study in order to use their findings in the research.
Practical Consequences: Using the introduced scale, it is possible to determine the type of seats in the Iran administrative organizations, and based on the obtained results, rewrite the descriptions of the political and professional job description to each seat. The consequences of this work are to prevent significant changes in administrative positions after each election and the establishment of a program-based system instead of a person-centered one, and, as a result, the realization of the goals set out in the high-level documents.
Innovation or value of the Article: Providing operational indicators to determine the professional or political positions in the public administrative system.
Paper Type: Research Article


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