Presenting the structural equation model of green policy in aviation

Document Type : Research Article


1 Public Administration, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Prof., Department of Public Administration, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Management, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran



Purpose: This study was conducted with the aim of presenting the structural equation model of green policy in aviation.

Design/ methodology/ approach: This research is exploratory-applied in terms of purpose, mixed, in terms of type, and descriptive-survey in terms of method. The statistical population in the qualitative section includes 14 experts in aviation and climate change researchers. In the quantitative section, the statistical population includes experts and managers of the civil aviation organization, with a number of 331 people, a sample size of 178 people. Sampling was done in the qualitative part by a targeted method and in the quantitative part by a simple random method. The data collection tool is in the qualitative part of the semi-structured interview, which was analyzed using thematic analysis and the initial model was prepared. The model was examined in the quantitative part, using a questionnaire, and using the partial least squares method and SmartPLS software.

Research Findings: The findings show that the green policy in aviation has 4 main dimensions and f components. The structural dimension (0.889) is the most important, the contextual dimension (0.865), the content dimension (0.756) and the environmental dimension (0.466) are in the next position. The criterion of goodness of fit of the research conceptual model (0.662) indicates a strong fit of the model

Limitations & Consequences: If research is done in airlines, other results may be obtained, airlines pay more attention to economic issues and environmental issues are of secondary importance.

Practical Consequences: The current research can serve as a practical guide for policy makers to pay attention to various dimensions of environmental issues in the direction of sustainable development.

Innovation or value of the Article: For the first time, this research presents the green policy model in aviation in iran and makes it available to this industry.


Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 15 November 2023