Designing an Entrepreneurial University Model with an Organizational Learning Approach in Higher Education (Case Study: Educational Units And Centers Of Khorasan Razavi Azad University)

Document Type : Research Article (with mixed approaches)


Department of Educational Sciences and Educational Management, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran


Purpose:  In the 21st century, the mission of the university is to train human resources and the next generation to be committed, innovative and entrepreneurial. Be innovative and entrepreneurial and believe in yourself. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to design an entrepreneurial university model with an organizational approach in higher education.
Design/ methodology/ approach:   This research was conducted in terms of applied-developmental goal, in terms of descriptive nature and in terms of method, combined (mixed). The statistical population in the qualitative section was 20 people including experts in the field of entrepreneurship education and members of entrepreneurship centers and in the quantitative section was 967 faculty members of Khorasan Razavi Azad Universities, of which 258 people were selected as a statistical sample. The sampling method in the qualitative part was the targeted method and snowball and in the quantitative part was the quota sampling method. The method of data collection was library and field methods and measurement tools in the qualitative part using the Delphi technique and in the quantitative part according to the corona conditions was an online researcher-made questionnaire whose questions were taken from interview data. In order to test the research hypotheses, the structural equation modeling method was used and for this purpose, AMOS statistical software version 24 was used.
Research Findings:  In the qualitative part, in the first round of Delphi and according to the opinion of experts, 154 dimensions and 597 components were designed for the entrepreneur university variable and 37 dimensions and 14 components for the organizational learning variable. Finally, after the end of the third round, the conceptual model of the research included 21 dimensions and 34 components for the entrepreneur university variable and 6 dimensions and 6 components for the organizational learning variable, which was a quantitative questionnaire. The results of this study identified the dimensions of entrepreneurial university and organizational learning and the priority of each of them and showed that all 21 dimensions of entrepreneurial university were effective factors on the entrepreneurial university model. Due to the degree of impact (factor load), it was observed that the dimensions of environmental factors, new business creation and entrepreneurial leadership had a greater impact on the entrepreneurial university, respectively. The results also showed that all six dimensions of teamwork, creating a supportive culture in the organization, leadership style, organizational strategy, organizational structure and the role of senior management are effective factors in measuring organizational learning and it was observed that the dimensions of organizational strategy, organizational structure and Leadership style had a greater effect on measuring organizational learning, respectively. Findings indicate that organizational learning with an impact factor of 0.79 has a role in creating entrepreneurship in the university and is effective. The framework of this study led to the presentation of the entrepreneurial university model with an organizational learning approach in higher education and provided the basis for paying attention to the priorities of the entrepreneurial university in the free universities of Khorasan Razavi.  Limitations & Consequences: The limitations of this research are: due to lack of time and cost, it was not carried out in the universities of the country. Triangulation method was not used in this research due to the lack of observation. Due to the Corona situation, sampling was done in a small part of the quota sampling type.
Practical Consequences: The framework of this research can lead to the presentation of the Entrepreneurial University model with an organizational learning approach in higher education and provide the context to pay attention to the priority of Entrepreneurial University factors in higher education.
Innovation or value of the Article: The present research is the only research in the field of designing an entrepreneurial university model in higher education, which has been carried out according to the organizational learning approach.
Paper Type: Research Article


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