Understanding the Phenomenon of Trained Incapacity and Identifying its Fusion Factors in Government Organizations

Document Type : Research Article (with mixed approaches)


1 M.A, Public Administration, Human Resource Development, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Ilam, Ilam, Iran.

2 Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Ilam, Ilam, Iran.

3 Department of Education Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Ilam, Ilam, Iran.


purpose: The main purpose of this study was to understand what and why the phenomenon of trained incapacity in government organizations.
Design/ Methodology/ Approach: Research methodology The use of combined-exploratory method consisted of two stages: qualitative and quantitative. The qualitative part is done through the strategy of data-based theory and the quantitative part is done using structural equation modeling. The statistical population included experts in government organizations in the city of Ilam, which conducted two semi-structured interviews in two methods, targeted and snowball, until theoretical saturation was achieved. The validity of qualitative data was confirmed by the relative coefficient of content validity and content validity index. Then, a questionnaire of 81 questions was designed to test the model, the validity and reliability of which were evaluated with known indicators.
Research Findings: The beginning of the trained incapacity in dimensions of rules of inelastic, Managers Mental intentions, The deterrence role of Managers, Structure Organizational and Organization Process, related to the causative conditions affecting the axial phenomenon were identified the dimensions of Job Routineness, early of Prejudice, Job in adequacy, inferiority feeling and Smart Silence to the organizational Trained Incapacity variable (the axial phenomenon). After confirming the validity of this step, the analysis of quantitative data with Smart PLS software showed that causal factors have a meaningful effect on the visibility of the axial phenomenon. Also, using the sample test, it was found that the current situation of the five dimensions of the concept of disability learned in the study population is higher than normal.
Limitations and consequences: the concept and dimensions that make up learning disability have been left unexplored by researchers. Therefore, the present study tries to reduce the aforementioned theoretical and conceptual gap.
Practical Consequences: Given the prevailing dimensions of disability formation learned in government organizations, managers should adopt appropriate strategies to control this phenomenon by increasing awareness of its causes.
Innovation or value of the Article: The present article introduces one of the lesser known diseases in government organizations and deals with its conceptualization.


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