آینده‌پژوهی فردی کارآفرینان: از خودانگاره به خودنگاره

مهدی محمدی, سعید خزایی, محمدحسن مبارکی, سعید رضایی طرقی****

چکیده


ینده‌پژوهی فردی موج جدیدی در مطالعات آینده‌پژوهانه است. مطالعه و پژوهش در حوزه‌های کارآفرینی و آینده‌پژوهی نشان می‌دهد که آینده‌پژوهی فردی و کارآفرینی می‌توانند دستاوردهای چشمگیر متقابلی داشته باشند. کارآفرینی مفهومی است که نمی‌توان آن را جدا از "آینده" در نظر گرفت. کارآفرینان پتانسیل بالایی در شکل­دادن به آینده، همراه با ارزش‌آفرینی دارند. از این رو، مطالعه فرآیند آینده­پژوهی فردی کارآفرینان، مطالب ارزشمندی برای مطالعات روانشناختی، علوم شناختی و جامعه‌شناختی کارآفرینی و مطالعات آینده‌پژوهانه به همراه دارد. نظریه برخواسته از داده‌ها به استخراج مدلی برای فرآیند آینده­نگر کارآفرینان کمک می‌کند. در این مدل، شرایط علی‌وقوع خودنگاره­­(نگرش و رفتار آینده­پژوهانه در زندگی فردی و شغلی) کارآفرینان، علل بستر، شرایط مداخله‌گر، استراتژی­ها و چگونگی منتج­شدن این فرآیند به پیامدهایی که تضمین‌کننده رشد فرد و اجتماع هستند، بنابر روایت‌های 12 کارآفرین مشخص می‌شوند که تعریف دیده‌بان جهانی کارآفرینی از بین مدیر-مالکان کسب‌و‌کار تثبیت شده­ای که 5/3 سال از عمر آن می گذرد، انتخاب شدند

واژگان کلیدی


آینده‌پژوهی‌فردی؛ آینده‌نگری؛ کارآفرینی؛ نظریه برخواسته از داده‌ها

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