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مقایسه‌ی تاثیر دو سبک رهبری تحول‌گرا و تسهیم‌شده بر روی خلاقیت تیمی با نقش میانجی اشتراک‌گذاری دانش
احمد عالی, شمس السادات زاهدی

چکیده

هدف: پیچیدگی جوامع امروزی و فضای رقابتی حاکم بر دنیای کسب و کار موجب گردیده است که سازمان‌ها به دنبال روش‌هایی باشند که برای آنها مزیت رقابتی به ارمغان آورد. سازمان‌هایی که تکنولوژی‌محور هستند، برای ارتقاء جایگاه خویش به تیم‌های کاری وابسته هستند. یکی از عواملی که به تیم‌ها کمک می‌نماید تا  بهره‌وری و عملکرد بهتری داشته باشند، خلاقیت تیمی می‌باشد. عوامل متعددی بر خلاقیت تیمی اثر می‌گذارند ولی هدف پژوهش فعلی نیز این است که تأثیر دو عامل سبک رهبری تحول‌گرا و تسهیم‌شده و همچنین اشتراک‌گذاری دانش بین اعضای تیم بر روی خلاقیت تیمی را مورد سنجش قرار دهد.

طراحی/ روش‌شناسی/ رویکرد: رویکرد پژوهش کمی و نمونه آماری آن 350 نفر از اعضای تیم‌های یک شرکت رساننده خدمات اینترنت (رسا) می‌باشد. پژوهش از نوع کاربردی بوده و داده‌ها از طریق توزیع پرسشنامه بدست آمده است.

یافته‌های پژوهش: یافته‌ها حاکی از آن است که هر دو سبک رهبری تحول‌گرا و تسهیم‌شده بر روی اشتراک‌گذاری دانش و خلاقیت تیمی تأثیر مثبت دارند. همچنین مشخص گردید که سبک رهبری تسهیم‌شده در مقایسه با سبک رهبری تحول‌گرا، بر خلاقیت تیمی و اشتراک‌گذاری دانش تأثیر مستقیم بیشتری می‌گذارد. بعلاوه نشان‌داده شد که اشتراک‌گذاری دانش لزوماً رابطه‌ معناداری با خلاقیت تیمی ندارد.

محدودیت‌ها و پیامدها: عدم امکان تعمیم‌پذیری نتایج پژوهش به همه جوامع، استفاده از ابزار پرسشنامه جهت سنجش نگرش افراد، میزان صداقت مشارکت‌کنندگان در پاسخ به سوالات و وجود متغیرهای مداخله‌گر از جمله محدودیت‌های پژوهش فعلی می‌باشد.

پیامدهای عملی: در صورت انتخاب سبک مناسب رهبری، می‌توان خلاقیت تیم را افزایش داد. بعلاوه در صورتی که مدیران سبک رهبری تسهیم‌شده و تحول‌گرا را به درستی پیاده نمایند، می‌توانند به اشتراک‌گذاری دانش در تیم‌ها کمک مضاعفی نمایند. خلاقیت تیمی و اشتراک‌گذاری دانش از جمله عواملی هستند که توجه به آنها می‌تواند ثمرات و نتایج مطلوب فراوانی را برای سازمان‌ها داشته باشد. همچنین با استفاده از دو یا چند سبک رهبری در کنار هم نه‌تنها می‌توان از مزایا و فرصت‌های بیشتری برخوردار گردید، بلکه نقاط ضعف هر سبک توسط سبک دیگر مورد پوشش قرار می‌گیرد.

ابتکار یا ارزش مقاله: مقاله به تحقیقات مدیریتی، با بررسی رابطه بین اشتراک‌گذاری دانش، خلاقیت تیمی، رهبری تحول‌گرا و رهبری تسهیم‌شده می‌افزاید.

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی

واژگان کلیدی
رهبری تحول‌گرا، رهبری تسهیم‌شده، اشتراک‌گذاری دانش، خلاقیت تیمی، سازمان

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