ادراک از فضیلت سازمانی: حلقه مفقوده پارادایم مثبت‌گرایی در عرصه مطالعات سازمانی

حسن دانایی‌فرد, ناهید امراللهی بیوکی, علی اصغر فانی

چکیده


 

چکیده                        

     جوامع، فضیلت را عنصر جدایی‌ناپذیر شهروندی خوب می­دانند، با این تصور که می‌تواند زمینه‌ساز شکوفایی روابط متقابل اثربخش میان افراد و برقراری ثبات اجتماعی در سازمان باشد. ویژگی‌های شخصیتی اخلاق­مدار که از ادراک جمعی حاصل از رفتار برتر و متعالی سازمان در طول حیات یک کسب‌وکار فراگرفته می‌شوند، باعنوان «فضیلت سازمانی» مفهوم‌سازی شده است. توجه به پدیده فضیلت سازمانی وامدار ظهور پارادایم مثبت‌گرایی در عرصه پژوهش‌های سازمانی است؛ ازاین­رو پژوهش حاضر با در­نظر­گرفتن چنین رویکردی در پی تبیین نقش میانجی‌گری ادراک از فضیلت سازمانی بر رابطه میان سرمایه روان‌شناختی مثبت و رفتار شهروندی خواهد بود. با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه­ای، از میان 1853 نفر از کارکنان 23 دستگاه اجرایی مشمول بودجه جاری استان یزد، تعداد 324 نفر انتخاب‌شده و به منظور گرداوری داده­ها از پرسش‌نامه­ای مشتمل بر پنج متغیر در مقیاس پنج­نمره­ای لیکرت استفاده شد. روایی پرسش‌نامه به روش صوری- محتوایی و پایایی آن با محاسبه ضرایب آلفای کرونباخ برای هر متغیر محاسبه و بااستفاده از مدل معادلات ساختاری و تحلیل مسیر از طریق نرم‌افزار لیزرل، تجزیه­و­تحلیل داده­های پژوهش انجام شد. یافته‌های پژوهش، ضمن تأیید رابطه میان سرمایه روان‌شناختی مثبت و رفتار شهروندی، نقش واسط ادراک از فضیلت سازمانی را تصدیق می­کند.


واژگان کلیدی


ادراک از فضیلت سازمانی؛ رفتار شهروندی؛ سرمایه روان‌شناختی.

تمام متن:

PDF

منابع و مآخذ مقاله


. Ang, S., Van Dyne, L., & Begley, T. M. (2003). The employment relationships of foreign workers versus local employees: A field study of organizational justice, job satisfaction, performance, and OCB. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24(5), 561-583.

Avey, J. B., Avolio, B. J., Crossley, C. D., & Luthans, F. (2009). Psychological ownership: Theoretical extensions, measurement and relation to work outcomes. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30(2), 173-191.

Avey, J. B., Luthans, F., & Youssef, C. M. (2010). The additive value of positive psychological capital in predicting work attitudes and behaviors. Journal of Management, 36(2), 430-452.

Avey, J. B., Wernsing, T. S., & Luthans, F. (2008). Can positive employees help positive organizational change? Impact of psychological capital and emotions on relevant attitudes and behaviors. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 44(1), 48-70.‏

Bagozzi. R. P. (2003). “Positive and negative emotions in organizations” in K.S.Cameron, J. E. Dutton & R. E. Quinn (eds), Positive Organizational Scholarship (pp. 176-193), San Francisco, Berrett-Koehler.

Cameron, K. S., Bright, D., & Caza, A. (2004). Exploring the relationships between organizational virtuousness and performance. American Behavioral Scientist, 47(6), 766-790.

Cameron, K. S., Dutton, J. E., & Quinn, R. E. (2003). An introduction to positive organizational scholarship. Positive organizational scholarship. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

Chapman, J. W., & Galston, W. A. (1992). Virtue. New York: New York University Press.

Clifton, D. O., & Harter, J. K. (2003). Investing in strengths. Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline, 111-121.

Coyle-Shapiro, J. A. M., & Kessler, I. (2002). Exploring reciprocity through the lens of the psychological contract: Employee and employer perspectives. European journal of work and organizational psychology, 11(1), 69-86.

Emmons, R. A. (2003). Acts of gratitude in organizations. Positive organizational scholarship, 81-93.

Fredrickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American psychologist, 56(3), 218-226.

Gavin J, Mason R. (2004) The virtuous organization: the value of happiness in the workplace. Org Dyn, 33(4), 379–92.

George, J. M. (1991). State or trait: Effects of positive mood on prosocial behaviors at work. Journal of applied Psychology, 76(2), 299.

Hackett, R. D., & Wang, G. (2012). Virtues and leadership: An integrating conceptual framework founded in Aristotelian and Confucian perspectives on virtues. Management Decision, 50(5), 868-899.‏

Jacob, A.E. J. P., Dolmans, D. H. J. M., Wolfhagen, I. H. A P, and Scherpbier, A. J. J. A. (2003). Validation of a short questionnaire to assess the degree of complexity and structuredness of PBL problems. Medical Education, 37(11), 1001-1007.

Kets de Vries, M. F. R. (2001). Creating authentizotic organizations: Well-functioning individuals in vibrant companies. Human Relations, 54(1), 101-111.

Larson, M., & Luthans, F. (2006). Potential added value of psychological capital in predicting work attitudes. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 13(2), 75-92.

Lilius, J. M., Worline, M. C., Maitlis, S., Kanov, J., Dutton, J. E., & Frost, P. (2008). The contours and consequences of compassion at work. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 29(2), 193-218.‏

Luthans, F, K Luthans, RM Hodgetts and BC Luthans (2002). Positive approach to leadership (PAL): Implications for today’s organizations. The Journal of Leadership Studies,8(2), 3–20.

Luthans, F., & Youssef, C. M. (2004). Human, Social, and Now Positive Psychological Capital Management: Investing in People for Competitive Advantage. Organizational Dynamics, 33(2), 143-160.

Luthans, F., Avolio, B. J., Avey, J. B., & Norman, S. M. (2007). Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, 60(3), 541-572.

Luthans, F., Avolio, B.J. (2007). Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction, Personnel Psychology, 60(16), 541–572.

MacIntyre, A. (1984). After virtue: A study in moral theory (2nd ed). Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.

McNeely, B. L., & Meglino, B. M. (1994). The role of dispositional and situational antecedents in prosocial organizational behavior: An examination of the intended beneficiaries of prosocial behavior. Journal of applied psychology, 79(6), 836-844.

Murphy, G., Athanasou, J. and King, N. (2002). Job satisfaction and organizational citizenship behavior: a study of Astralian human service professionals. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 17(4), 287-297.

Muse, L., Harris, S. G., Giles, W. F., & Feild, H. S. (2008). Work-life benefits and positive organizational behavior: Is there a connection? Journal of Organizational Behavior, 29(2), 171-192.

Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2003). Assessment of character strengths among youth:Progress report on the Values in Action Inventory for Youth. Presentation at the Child Trends, Conference on Indicators of Positive Youth Development, Washington, DC.

Piliavin, J. A., & Charng, H. W. (1990). Altruism: A review of recent theory and research. Annual review of sociology,16, 27-65.

Podsakoff P. M., Scott B., MacKenzie J., Paine B., and Bachrach G. (2000). Organizational citizenship behaviors: A critical review of the theoretical and empirical literature and suggestions for future research. Journal of Management, 26(3), 513–563.

Podsakoff P. M., MacKenzie S. B., Moorman R. H., Fetter R. (1990). Transformational Leader Behaviors and Their Effects on Followers’ Trust in Leader, Satisfaction, and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors. The Leadership Quarterly 1(2), 107–142.

Rego, A., Ribeiro, N., & Jesuino, J. C. (2011). How happiness mediates the organizational virtuousness and affective commitment relationship. Journal of Business Research, 64(5), 524-532.

Ribeiro, N., & Rego, A. (2009). Does perceived organizational virtuousness explain organizational citizenship behaviors. International Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 3, 736-743.‏

Schimmel, S. (1997). The seven deadly sins: Jewish, Christian, and classical reflections on human nature. New York: Free Press.

Spector, P. E., & Fox, S. (2002). An emotion-centered model of voluntary work behavior: Some parallels between counterproductive work behavior and organizational citizenship behavior. Human Resource Management Review, 12(2), 269-292.‏

Takeuchi R., Chen G., & Lepak D. P. (2009). Through the looking glass of a social system: Cross-level effects of high performance work systems on employees’ attitudes. Personnel Psychology, 62(1), 1–29.

Wright, T. A., & Cropanzano, R. (2000). Psychological well-being and job satisfaction as predictors of job performance. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(1), 84-94.‏

Wright, T. A., & Quick, J. C. (2009). The emerging positive agenda in organizations: Greater than a trickle, but not yet a deluge. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30(2), 147-159.

Youssef, C.M., & Luthans, F. (2008). Leveraging psychological capital in virtuous organizations: Why and how. In C. Manz, K. Cameron, K. Manz, & R. Marx (Eds.), The virtuous organization, (pp. 131-162). Hackensack, NJ: World Scientific Publishers.

Yzerbyt, V. Y., & Leyens, J. P. (1991). Requesting information to form an impression: The influence of valence and confirmatory status. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 27(4), 337-356.

Rick D.Hackett Wang Gordan, Virtues and leadership. management Decision l50(5), 885.


ارجاعات

  • در حال حاضر ارجاعی نیست.